مقایسه بین نانوتکنولوژی و روش‌های دیگر حذف آفت‌کش سایپرمترین از آب آلوده

نوع مقاله: مقالات علمی

نویسنده

دانشگاه آزاد تهران غرب گروه مهندسی محیط زیست - آب و فاضلاب

چکیده

انواع گوناگونی از آفت‌کش‌ها به‌منظور مبارزه با آفات گیاهی در کشور مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرند و سایپرمترین یکی از رایج‌ترین آفت‌کش‌های مورد استفاده در نوع خود است. ورود این آلاینده مقاوم به منابع تامین آب شرب می‌تواند اثرات مخربی بر سلامت انسان و محیط‌زیست داشته باشد. امروزه کنترل سموم در آب‌های زیرزمینی، آشامیدنی و سطحی یک ضرورت جدی است. این مطالعه به‏روش مروری - توصیفی بر روی مطالعات انجام شده در مورد روش‌های موجود برای حذف سم سایپرمترین بر مبنای مرور مقالات جمع‌آوری شده است. در طی سال‌های اخیر دانشمندان درصدد طراحی و توسعه‌ فناوری‌های نوین مانند فناوری نانو برآمده‌اند. حذف موثر آلاینده‌ها و کاهش انرژی و هزینه‌های تمام شده‌ تولید آب سالم و با کیفیت، استفاده از فناوری نانو را نسبت به روش‌های قدیمی بیشتر مورد توجه و استقبال قرار داده است. با توجه به مقالات ارائه شده، فناوری نانو راندمان بالایی در حذف سایپرمترین از آب داشته است، به‌طوری که دانه‌های کلاژن اصلاح شده با نانوذرات CuO که جاذبی کارآمد و موثر است توانسته در مدت زمان کوتاه بالای 90% از سایپرمترین را حذف کند. در مقاله حاضر مقایسه‌ای بین فناوری نانو با روش‌های دیگر حذف سم سایپرمترین از آب آلوده انجام خواهد شد.

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