مروری بر فرآیند جذب سطحی در حذف آلاینده‌های دارویی از محلول‌های آبی و پساب‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مهندسی شیمی و نفت دانشگاه تبریز

2 گروه شیمی کاربردی، دانشکده شیمی دانشگاه تبریز

10.22112/jwwse.2020.172209.1147

چکیده

آلاینده­های دارویی یکی از مسائل مهم در زندگی کنونی بشر محسوب می­شود. دلیل بررسی و کنترل آلودگی در محیط­زیست، ورود این آلاینده­ها به چرخه غذایی و مقاومت­های دارویی است که خطرات زیست‎محیطی فراوانی را درپی دارد. پس باید قبل از این‎که وارد محیط‎زیست شوند، محیط­های آبی عاری از این آلاینده­ها شوند. روش جذب سطحی در زمینه حذف آلاینده­های دارویی روشی موثر و کارآمد است. در این مقاله، بررسی جامعی درخصوص پارامترهای فرآیند جذب سطحی آنتی­بیوتیک­ها توسط جاذب­های مختلف از جمله کربن فعال، سیلیکاژل، رس، زئولیت­ها، نانوصفحات گرافنی، جاذب­های پلیمری، نانوکامپوزیت­ پلیمر-رس و ضایعات کشاورزی و عملکردشان در محیط‎های آبی انجام گرفته است. مطالعه نتایج مبنی بر محدوده راندمان حذف (74-100%) برای کربن فعال، (87-99%) برای جاذب رس و (98-100%) برای ضایعات کشاورزی گزارش شد. هم‎چنین مکانیسم جذب برخی از آنتی‎بیوتیک‎ها بر روی جاذب‎های مشخص مرور شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


 
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